Biographies and History
The Struggle for Tolerance, Politics and Religion:
The Spanish Monarchy and Protestantism, 1517–1648
Each year, Fundación Banco Santander and Fundación Cultural de la Nobleza Española (Cultural Foundation of the Spanish Nobility) organise the Biographies and History lecture series, coordinated by Carmen Iglesias—professor, scholar and director of the Royal Academy of History—in which past events are analysed by leading historiography experts.
In 2017, the scholars and university professors Carmen Sanz, Feliciano Barrios, Javier Puerto, Joseph Pérez and Carmen Iglesias discussed the Protestant Reformation and its religious, political and economic repercussions across Europe. They also examined the battle between tolerance and intolerance waged at a time when 'confessional absolutism' was the norm on the entire European continent, and particularly in Spain.